Drilled wells are usually cased with a factory-made pipe, typically steel drilled into solid rock. The casing is constructed by welding segments of casing together. If the casing is installed during the drilling, most drills will drive the casing into the ground as the bore hole advances. The sections of casing are usually 20' (6 m) or more in length, and 2"–12" in diameter, depending on the intended use of the well and local groundwater conditions.Drill

A large hole is drilled to a predetermined depth or to a confining formation (clay or bedrock, for example), and then a smaller hole for the well is completed from that point forward. The well is typically cased from the surface down into the smaller hole with a casing that is the same diameter as that hole. The annular space between the large bore hole and the smaller casing is filled with bentonite clay, concrete, or other sealant material. This creates an impermeable seal from the surface to the next confining layer that keeps contaminants from traveling down the outer sidewalls of the casing or borehole and into the aquifer. In addition, wells are typically capped with either an engineered well cap or seal that vents air through a screen into the well, but keeps insects, small animals, and unauthorized persons from accessing the well.

At the bottom of wells, based on formation, a screening device, filter pack, slotted casing, or open bore hole is left to allow the flow of water into the well. Constructed screens are typically used in unconsolidated formations (sands, gravels, etc.), allowing water and a percentage of the formation to pass through the screen. Allowing some material to pass through creates a large area to filter out of the rest of the formation, and the amount of material present to pass into the well slowly decreases and is removed from the well. Rock wells are typically cased with a steel or PVC casing and screen or slotted casing at the bottom, this is mostly present just to keep rocks from entering the pump assembly. Some wells utilize a 'filter pack' method, where an undersized screen or slotted casing is placed inside the well and a filter medium is packed around the screen, between the screen and the borehole or casing. This allows the water to be filtered of unwanted materials before entering the well and pumping zone.

Here is a link http://www.inspectapedia.com/water/1527s.jpg

that explains a drilled well with submersible pump


We are equipped to drill 2", 5", 8" and larger diameter water wells, with Steel or Plastic Casing.

Home About Us Water Well Pile Drilling Testhole Drilling Service Contact Map Sitemap